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外研版_必修四_Module4_New_words_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区

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外研版_必修四_Module4_New_words_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Module4 Great Scientists New Words n.(学) biology botany zoology chemistry physics genetics n.(家)


Module4 Great Scientists New Words n.(学) biology botany zoology chemistry physics genetics n.(家) adj.(的) biologist biological botanist botanical zoologist zoological chemist chemical Physicist physical geneticist genetic 常见的后缀 suffix 1.动词变名词: -tion education, invitation, prediction -ment development, movement, disappointment -er teacher, worker, runner, singer -or visitor, sailor, actor 名词后缀补充: -ist ( 人, 名词后缀) scientist, artist -ese( 民族,语言,名词后缀) Chinese, Japanese 2.形容词变名词 -ness happiness, carelessness -ity ability, possibility 3.名词变形容词: -y windy, rainy, sunny, healthy, funny -ish foolish -some troublesome -ous dangerous, humorous -ful helpful, careful, peaceful, colorful -less homeless, helpless, careless -ed balanced, talented, gifted -ing interesting -ic atomic, economic, scientific -al traditional, national, natural -ial financial, social -ical chemical, physical 4. 名词、形容词变动词: -ify beautify, simplify -ize realize -en quicken, widen, sharpen Complete the sentences with words formed from those in brackets 1. Mendel was a famous _g_e_n_et_ic_i_st_ who lived in the 19th century. (genetics) 2.The Chinese government is developing s_c_ie_n_t_if_ic__ research in many areas. (science) 3. Darwin was a famous _z_o_o_lo_g_i_st_ andb_o_t_an_i_s_t _ who developed the theory of evolution. (zoology, botany) 4. Einstein was a 20th century _p_h_y_s_i_ci_st_. (physics) figure 1. Write the figure “7” for me.数_字____ 2. We bought the house at a high figure. 金__额__,_价__格__ 3. The figure on page 22 shows a political map of Africa. 图___解__, _图__表__ 4. The central figure in the painting is the artist’s Daughter画. 像,肖像 _________ 5. 身I’材m dieting to keep my figure. _____ 算术 6. Are you good at figures? _____ 7. a great 金fig融ur界e i的n t巨he头financial world ______________ support vt. ① 支持, 支援, 赞助 The directors were trying to get rid of her, but her staff all support her. Will you support me in my campaign for election? ② 承受, 支撑 Is this bridge strong enough to support heavy lorries? He was weak with hunger, so I had to support him. ③ 证实 This evidence supports my argument that she is guilty(有罪的) ④ 养活, 供养 I was supported by my parents when I was studying. I have a large family to support/ keep/ feed/provide for. n. ①支持, 支援 I need some financial support for this venture. ② 给予帮助、同情等的人 Jim was a great support to us when father died. ③ 支持者, 拥护者 The theatre has had to close for lack of support. replace vt. ⑴替换,替代(常可与介词with或by 连用) Can anything replace a mother’s love and care? I’m going to replace the tape recorder with/by a CD player. ⑵ 把…放回原处 He replaced the dictionary on the shelf after using it. 注意: 表示“代替”的词或词组有: replace, take the place of, in place of/ in one’s place, instead, instead of convert Vt. “使转化, 使转换, 使改变信仰等” be converted to 转变为 Hydrogen and carbon monoxide can be converted to a liquid fuel. 类似用法的单词有: be devoted to, be addicted to 1. 很多男学生对玩电脑游戏上瘾。 Many boy students _a_re__a_d_d_i_c_te_d_ to playing computer games. quantity 既可修饰可数名词又可以修饰不可数 名词的词: a quantity of a lot of a mass of quantities of lots of masses of 注意: A large quantity of money _h_a_s_been spent. Quantities of money h_a_v_e_ been spent. A quantity of books _h_a_s_ been read. Brief:简短的,简洁的 1. Please be brief because I’m in a hurry. 我有急事, 请长话短说。 2. Mozart’s life was brief. 莫扎特的一生很短暂。 3. His remarks were brief and to the point. 他的话简洁, 而且说到了点子上。 拓展: in brief/ to be brief 简言之 类似的表达: in short, in a word, in a nutshell e.g. In brief, she was satisfied with the result. escape vi.⑴ (气体、液体等) 漏出、渗出、泄漏 There’s gas _e_sc_a_p_i_n_g___ somewhere. Can you smell it? 有什么地方漏煤气了, 你闻到了吗? Make a hole to let the water _e_sc_a_p_e_. 弄个洞让水流出。 ⑵ 逃亡、逃脱、逃避, 作“逃避,避免, 免除”解时为及物动词, 后常跟名词、 代词或动名词。 Don’t tell me that you always ebsecianpgep_u_n_i_s_h_e_d_______. 不要告诉我你总是逃过惩罚。 vt. ⑶被遗忘, 未被注意 His name escaped me for the moment. 我一时想不起他的名字来了。 n. “逃亡,逃避” The Sao Paulo building was built without fire escapes. 圣保罗大楼建造时, 没有建上安全出口。 a narrow escape:死里逃生 I had a narrow escape. 我死里 逃生。 Test yourself! 1. 狗越过围烂逃走了。 The dog _es_c_a_p_e_d__o_v_e_r the fence. 2. 他免于受罚。 He escaped f_r_o_m__b_e_i_n_g_p_u_n_i_s_h_e_d. 3. 我是死里逃生。 I _h_a_d_a__n_a_r_r_o_w__e_sc_a_p_e_. 4. 我记不起他的名字了。 He name _es_c_a_p_e_s_m__e_. Homework 1,Read the new words loudly as many times as possible until you can read fluently! 2, Preview the text
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